River length: 240 km
Basin area: 11,212 sq km
Population in basin: 9.11 million
States in basin: Telangana
Major cities using water
Hyderabad (pop: 6.8 million)
- Water depletion: 38%(1969-2001)
- Dry season drought risk: Low
- Monsoon flood risk: Low
- Seasonal variability of water levels: High
Economic & Environmental Significance
- Two major reservoirs, the Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar are built on the Musi and its tributary, and provide drinking water to Hyderabad.
- The Krishna and Godavari deltas are very close to each other. Together, they support almost 10 million people in an area of 12,700 sq km.
- The river downstream of Hyderabad flows through Telangana’s dry Nalgonda district, providing water for irrigation and domestic use.
Spiritual & Cultural Significance
The river was known as Muchukunda in ancient times, and its source in the Ananthagiri hills is associated with the Mahabharata.
The river meets the Krishna river at Vadapally. The Sri Meenakshi Agasteswara Swami temple is located here, and was built by the Kakatiya rulers in the twelfth century.
There is also a Sri Narasimha Swami temple at Vadapally, where Vyasa Maharishi is said to have meditated.